My Marthas, part 3

The Joy of a Young Family

I recall the first U.S. Census my husband and I completed as a “new” family; we’d been married six years and had a three year-old child. I’ll admit, I daydreamed about my beloved descendants locating my young family in 72-years and celebrating the record and wealth of information provided within its lines.

For our Marthas, locating and examining U.S. federal census records for these three families should be helpful in distinguishing each woman from the other. The following 1900 U.S. census records represent the only Philip/Martha, William/Martha, and Martha (Rebecca)/Zack combinations with the same reasonable ages, approximate lengths of marriage, and geographic proximity found within that year’s database, searched both using Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org.

Philip Tyus and Martha J. Hamilton

Married 19 February 1885 in Jackson Co., Florida

A 1900 U.S. federal census record for Philip (Phip) and Martha Tyus, married for 14 years (calculated marriage in about 1886), three sons, and one daughter appears in Carpenter, Jackson, Florida.1 In this census, the wife (Martha) is noted as being the mother of five children; with four still living. Additionally, a 23 year-old widower named H.H. Hamilton, is boarding with the family.

1900 U.S. Census; Carpenter, Jackson, Florida2
Name Relationship Race Sex Birth Month Birth Year Age Marital Status Birthplace Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Tyus Phip Head W M Jan 1865 35 M 14 Florida Florida Alabama
Tyus Martha Wife W F Dec 1869 30 M 14 Florida South Carolina Florida
Tyus Charley Son W M May 1888 12 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Walter Son W M May 1892 8 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Witton Son W M Apr 1896 4 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Laura Daughter W F Feb 1900 4/12 S Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton H.H. Boarder W M Nov 1876 23 WD 2 Florida South Carolina Florida

William Tyus and Martha Hamilton

Married 13 May 1885, Jackson Co., Florida

In the same 1900 U.S. federal census and the same community as Philip and Martha, and just three families earlier,3 a record for William and Martha Tyus, married for 13 years (calculated marriage in about 1887), four sons, and two daughters also appears in Carpenter, Jackson, Florida. In this census, the wife (Martha) is noted as being the mother of seven children; with six still living.

1900 U.S. Census; Carpenter, Jackson, Florida4
Name Relationship Race Sex Birth Month Birth Year Age Marital Status Birthplace Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Tyus William Head W M July 1861 38 M 13 Florida Georgia Alabama
Tyus Martha Wife W F Feb 1864 36 M 13 Florida South Carolina Florida
Tyus Harvey Son W M June 1888 11 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Mary B Daughter W F Apr 1890 10 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Ligh (Elijah) Son W M Oct 1897 2 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Ida Daughter W F July 1895 4 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Lindsey Son W M Sep 1897 3 S Florida Florida Florida
Tyus Albert Son W M Sep 1898 1 S Florida Florida Florida

To Do: They Hailed from South Carolina?

You may have just noticed something interesting on both of these 1900 census entries for Martha, wife of Philip and Martha, wife of William. That both Martha Hamilton’s father’s birthplaces are listed as “South Carolina” is an interesting detail that merits further research.

Martha “Rebecca” Tyus and Mack Hamilton

Married 7 February 1888,, Jackson Co., Florida

In the same 1900 U.S. federal census and the same community as Philip and Martha, and William and Martha, and just two pages earlier than William and Martha’s family,5 a record for Mack and Rebecca Hamilton,6 married for 12 years (calculated marriage in about 1888), three sons, and three daughters also appears in Carpenter, Jackson, Florida. In this census, the wife (Rebecca) is noted as being the mother of six children; with all six still living.

1900 U.S. Census; Carpenter, Jackson, Florida7
Name Relationship Race Sex Birth Month Birth Year Age Marital Status Birthplace Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Hamilton Mack Head W M June 18[6]6 33 M 12 Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton Rebecca Wife W F Dec 1870 29 M 12 Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton James Son W M Jan 1890 10 S Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton Anna Daughter W F Feby 1892 8 S Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton Rebecca Daughter W F May 1893 7 S Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton Robt Son W M Jan 1894 6 S Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton Frank Son W M Dec 1895 4 S Florida Florida Florida
Hamilton Eva Daughter W F Jan 1898 2 S Florida Florida Florida

What’s Next?

We need to search and see if these husbands and wives are found together in federal and status censuses and other records with the same approximate birth and/or marriage details. But first, because I have a crazy busy weekend coming up, we’ll take a brief detour and search for these women in Florida death records as part of a “low-hanging fruit” opportunity.


Footnotes

1. Enumeration district 0057 was recorded as Precinct 9 and Precinct 16 including Sneads Town; a copy of this map is available on FamilySearch at https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9HG-41K1?i=584&wc=92V7-BZQ%3A1077258001&cc=2329948.

2. Year: 1900; Census Place: Carpenter, Jackson, Florida; Page: 6; Enumeration District: 0057; FHL microfilm: 1240171.

3. Philip and Martha Tyus: Dwelling #/Family # is 106. William and Martha Tyus: Dwelling #/Family # is 103.

4. Year: 1900; Census Place: Carpenter, Jackson, Florida; Page: 6; Enumeration District: 0057; FHL microfilm: 1240171.

5. Mack and Rebecca Tyus: Dwelling #/Family # is 85.

6. Previous research of Mack Hamilton and his family suggests that this “Rebecca” is the same as, and is often recorded as, “Martha” across multiple records. That research is significant to the accuracy of this Tyus/Hamilton lineage.

7. Year: 1900; Census Place: Carpenter, Jackson, Florida; Page: 5; Enumeration District: 0057; FHL microfilm: 1240171.